نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد دامغان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دامغان، ایران
2 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد دامغان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دامغان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate the obstacles to the privatization of Iranian football clubs with legal approach. The statistical population of the study includes professors of sports management and professors of sports law and law who are familiar with sports and the legal structure of sports, which was conducted by the method of snowball to saturation, and finally twenty people were examined. First, through library research and referring to other studies, the preliminaries of the research were provided and then, through interviews, dimensions and items were identified, total of 12 components, and then the interpretive structural process was performed. Findings showed that barriers to privatization of Iranian football clubs include barriers to clubs entering the capital market, structural problems of the stock market, financial barriers of clubs, bureaucracies of sports organizations, administrative problems of regulatory bodies, lack of transparency in administrative legal procedure, interference Government in the privatization of clubs, the influence of non-athletes in clubs, non-implementation of legal privatization laws, clubs' dependence on public and private sectors, distance from FIFA financial standards and legal restrictions on revenue generation are priorities in the structural interpretation process. According to the findings, it can be concluded that in order to develop privatization in Iranian football clubs, legal infrastructure should be created in privatization organizations and stock exchanges, and by creating transparency in the structure of clubs, the private sector should enter the clubs.